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Czech Republic

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Continent:Europe National flag
National flag: Czech Republic
Capital city:Prague
Area:78,865 km2 ( 113. )
Population:10,241,138 Person ( 78. )
People density:130 Person / km2
GDP per capita:3,030 $ / Person ( 62. )
GDP:31,030,648,140 $
Official language:czech

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Before the fall of Communism, a staggering ninety percent of foreign tourists visiting Czechoslovakia never strayed from the environs of the Czech capital, Prague. While that no longer holds true, Prague is still the main focus of most people’s trips to the Czech Republic, certainly English-speaking tourists. Of course, much of the attention heaped on Prague is perfectly justified. It is one of the most remarkable cities in Europe, having emerged virtually unscathed from two world wars. Baroque palaces and churches shout out from the cobbles, Gothic pinnacles spike the skyline, and Art Nouveau and functionalist edifices line the boulevards.

The rest of the Czech Republic divides neatly into two: Bohemia to the west and Moravia to the east. Prague is the perfect launching pad from which to explore the rolling hills and forests of Bohemia, at their most unspoilt in South Bohemia, whose capital is Ceské Budejovice, a grid-plan medieval city and home to the original Budweiser beer. The real gem of the region is Cesky Krumlov, arguably the most stunning medieval town in the country, beautifully preserved in a narrow U-bend of the River Vltava. To the west, Plzen produces the most famous of all Czech beers, Pilsener Urquell, the original golden nectar from which all other lagers derive. Meanwhile, along the German border, a triangle of relaxing spa towns – Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázne and Frantiskovy Lázne – retain an air of their halcyon days in the last years of the Habsburg Empire. Pine-covered mountains form Bohemia’s natural borders, and the weird sandstone "rock cities" of the Ceské Svycarsko and Cesky raj and Krkonose, in the north and east of the region, make for some of the most memorable landscapes.

Moravia, the eastern province of the Czech Republic, is every bit as beautiful as Bohemia, though the crowds here thin out significantly. The largest city, Brno, has its own peculiar pleasures – not least its interwar functionalist architecture – and gives access to the popular Moravian karst region, or Moravsky kras, plus a host of other nearby castles and chateaux. The southern borders of Moravia comprise the country’s main wine region, while in the uplands that form the border with Bohemia are two of the most perfectly preserved medieval towns in the entire country, Telc and Slavonice. To the north, Olomouc is perhaps Moravia’s most charming city, more immediately appealing than Brno, and just a short step away from the region’s highest mountains, the Jeseníky in Moravian Silesia, and the Beskydy, renowned for their folk architecture.

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Map of country Czech Republic

Map of country  Czech Republic

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